// District Profiles //

Nehru Memorial Botanical Garden :

A. Tulip Garden

       Facts about Tulip Cultivation in Holland

  1. In the leading tulip producing country (Holland----Area 10800 Ha which accounts for 88% of total world area with production of 4.32 billion bulbs), only 2.3 billion bulbs (53%) produced are used as starter bulbs for production of cut flowers. 0.63 billion bulbs are exported to EU and 0.37 billion bulbs to other countries. Rest of the bulbs are uprooted from the flowering beds before they mature to prepare land for other seasonal flowers, to keep some gardens open for other seasons as well. This practice is usually resorted to where Tulips are used for bedding, as it then leaves the bed quite free for its summer flowers. Sometimes bulbs are taken up and sown in another place to complete their growth and maturity cycle; but they rarely turn out so well, even if the greatest care is exercised in their pre-mature up-rooting and sowing.

  2. Tulip bulbs are highly sensitive to soil and air moisture content. High humidity during bloom for few days and increase in soil moisture content beyond field capacity during bloom or bulb maturity, leads to development of severe fungal rot that may cause complete decay of the bulb in the field, even though lot of care is taken by applying fungicidal treatment to soil and the plant.

  3. Tulip bulbs unlike other bulbs need special treatment and care after being harvested for proper physiological development of G-stage to produce flowers in the next bloom period. Tulip being a tunicated bulb has very complex physiological behaviour.Its cells and tissue remain active throughout their life cycle and as such grow, develop or senescence. Therefore, all the essential factors required for growth and development, like temperature, humidity, light, shade, moisture content within and around the bulb, ventilation, pest management, sowing time, soil medium ,soil nutrient status, precipitation and irrigation regime before and after bloom, hormonal balances and ethylene evolution have critical bearing on its cultivation. For attaining the proper physiological G-stage at right time, bulbs after harvest are to be scientifically pre-cooled, shade dried, cured, graded, and treated for diseases, followed by cold storage under differential temperature regimes, for better bloom performance and production of good size and quality bulbs.

  4. Generally, in Holland the tulip bulbs that bloom in one season are not used in the next season.

      Facts about Tulip Cultivation in Tulip Garden, Srinagar

  1. Tulip garden which was earlier known as Model Floriculture Centre, Sirajbagh, was an orchard were apple and chestnut trees were in abundance. This garden is spread over an area of 35 Ha. (700 Kanal) at the foothills of Zabarwan, surrounded by Nehru Memorial Botanical Garden on its southern side, Dal on western side and Zabarwan on its eastern side.

  2. Cultivation of different flowers in this garden was going on a limited scale till 1998.It was during 1998 when the commercial floriculture activity in this garden was started with the Technical and Financial Assistance of FAO (Food & Agriculture Organization of United Nations).Under this programme different varieties of Tulip, Alestromeria,Gladiolii,lilium and Gerbera was introduced for study of their adaptability and growth behavior.Although the study proved quite fruitful, but the activity did not take up on a large scale due to limited financial resources, inspite of the fact that this centre acted as a source of technical guidance to flower growers of the valley.

  3. Until 2006, about 30000 tulip bulbs were maintained and developed in this garden.It was only during 2006 when Ex-Chief Minister of the State, Sh.Gh.Nabi Azad after observing the colour and quality of Tulip in this garden conceived and conceptualized the dream of creating Tulip Garden in Srinagar. Initially he had proposed the development of Tulip Garden on the open area from Tourist Reception Centre upto Poloview, to give a beautiful look to the Srinagar City, But to the stiff resistance from the various organizations, he had to change his mind to find another suitable area, which ultimately zeroed in at Sirajbagh now known as Tulip Garden.

  4. To begin with, during 2006, about 2.75 Lakh tulip bulbs were imported from Holland and sown in tulip garden over an area of about 1.00 Ha.Having observed the beauty of the garden with the bloom of about 3 Lakh Tulip of different colours,the garden was for the first time opened for the public against entry by ticketing. There was a very good response from the people and the tourists.

  5. Tulip Garden is a brain child of Ex-Chief Minister, J&K State, Sh.G.N.Azad as it was conceived, conceptualized and created by him. During its development, Sh.Azad has visited the garden at least 50 times to monitor its development, designing and landscaping. It is the project which was given a practical shape without any consultancy, by the officers and gardeners of the Department of Floriculture, Kashmir under the leadership of Director Floriculture.

  6. Major purpose of Mr.Azad was to develop a new tourist destination which could help in pre-poning the tourist season by about a month, which would help the state in reviewing the ailing tourist sector.

  7. During 2007, about 9.00 Lakh bulbs were imported from Holland and sown in tulip garden over an area of about 4.00 Ha.

  8. In total, about 12.00 Lakh bulbs were sown in tulip garden during November-2007 to January 2008, which bloomed during March, 2008 and bloom lasted for about 4 weeks. It was during this year that the garden was named as Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden and was inaugurated and dedicated to nation by Chairperson of UPA, Smt.Sonia Gandhi on 29th.March, 2008 in presence of Sh.Gh.Nabi Azad then Chief Minister.During this year nearly 80,000 visitors visted this garden out of which about 60% were locals.

  9. After the fall of Coalition government led by Sh.Azad, there were apprehensions that the Tulip Garden which was the brain child of Sh.Azad, will loose its glamour and relevance. But after his visit to Tulip Garden during 2009, Hon’ble Chief Minister Sh.Omar Abdullah took keen and personal interest in the development and expansion of this garden to make it more attractive and environment friendly.

  10. During 2009, the garden was thrown open to public by Hon’ble Chief Minister Sh.Omar Abdullah and about 38,000 tourists visited this garden out of which 90% were tourists.

  11. Due to lack of even minimum basic required infrastructure facilities, like cold storage facilities, as on date department is not in a position to meet any of the scientific requirement for proper development of various physiological stages of growth in the tulip bulbs, which ultimately tells upon the quality and life of the bloom. However, it was due to the personal intervention of Chief Minister and the Minister for Floriculture, Sh.Sham Lal Sharma  that funds for development of cold store were sanctioned by the government, and the process of its establishment at Tulip Garden has been initiated. Availability of this facility will go a long way in programming the tulip bulbs both for ornamental as well as commercial purposes. Further, he authorized the department to import about 3.50 Lakh fresh bulbs from Holland.

  12. As a result of all these efforts, department of floriculture has been in a position to present the garden in the existing marvelous, scintillating and breath taking condition which is like and appreciated by everyone whosoever visits the garden.

  13. This beauty of this garden has attracted all friend and foes in the government as Sh. Gh.Nabi Azad and Sh.Omer Abdulah have visited this garden amongst other diginatories.Recently Parliamentary Committee on Official Languages also visited this garden.

  14. This garden has not only been helpful in pre-poning the tourist season, but has helped to revive the tourism related sectors like handicrafts, hotel industry, taxi operators, shikarawals, houseboat owners etc.etc.

  15. Commercialization of tulip as cut flower has become a reality now and production has been started in private sector for which department of floriculture provides technical and financial assistance to the growers of the valley under Technology Mission and other centrally sponsored schemes.

  16. Major Achievements:-

    :-Due to lack of even minimum basic required infrastructure facilities, like cold storage facilities, department  was not  in a position to meet any of the scientific requirement for proper development of various physiological stages of growth in the tulip bulbs, which ultimately tells upon the quality and life of the bloom. However, it was due to the personal intervention of Hon,ble Chief Minister  that funds for development of cold store were sanctioned by the government, and Cold storage room  established at Tulip Garden with maximum storage facility of about one million tulip bulbs. Availability of this facility will go a long way in programming the tulip bulbs both for ornamental as well as commercial purposes. Further, authorized the department to import about 4.50 Lakh fresh bulbs from Holland.

    :-As a result of all these efforts, department of floriculture has been in a position to present the garden in the existing marvelous, scintillating and breath taking condition which is like and appreciated by everyone whosoever visits the garden.

    This garden has not only been helpful in pre-poning the tourist season, but has helped to revive the tourism related sectors like handicrafts, hotel industry, taxi operators, shikarawals, houseboat owners etc.etc.

    Commercialization of tulip as cut flower has become a reality now and production has been started in private sector for which department of floriculture provides technical and financial assistance to the growers of the valley under Technology Mission and other centrally sponsored schemes.

    Water Channel with Fountains all along the centre of the Garden, sanctioned by the Government, as an added attraction to the Garden, Phase Ist already completed, this year from main Gate up to the First Water body of the garden,in the same pattern as seen in Famous Mughal Gardens,

    Adjudged as fifth best Tulip destination of the World in 2017 by World Tulip Summit Society at Canada ( WTSS) 

Challenges:

  1. Maintenance and development of this newly developed tourist destination which has helped in pre-poning the tourist season by about a month is a big challenge. Sustained efforts by the Government and the Department of Floriculture, Kashmir, are very essential.

  2. Tulip bulbs after sowing in the field gradually loose their vigour within two years and as such are to be replaced at the replacement ratio of 33%.

  3. Tulip is highly sensitive to climatic changes and temperature above 12 C prior to bloom and 18 C during and after bloom period reduces its life span, stem height, size as well the quality of the flower. Besides, the development and maturity of the bulb is affected adversely.

  4. Irrigation at regular intervals during pre-and post-bloom period is essential for proper development of flower as well as bulb.

  5. Present Status:-
    The garden is spread over an area of 30 hectares out of which 18 hectares i,e,360 Kanals are presently under Floriculture activities with tulip as major crop growing on 08 hectares of land. In addition to tulips the other bulbous material grown in the garden include Hycinths, This year 8 Kanals of area have been beautified with dazzling  colors of Hycinths imported from Holland ,giving a different look to the garden and attracting more tourists .Besides other crops like Narcissus, daffodils, muscaria and iris. Other ornamental plants grown in the garden include Ornamental Peach ,Plums, Magnolias, Wood peony, Cryptomarias, Junipers,Boxus Plants,Euonymous microphilla and Santolina, Salix, Deodar , most of the fruit trees are also grown in the Garden.

View District Profile files - NMBG Tulip Garden

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Adobe

 

"Each flower is a soul opening out to nature."
-Gerald De Nerval

"Flowers bring to a liberall and gentlemanly minde the remembrance of honestie, comelinesse and all kindes of virtues."
- John Gerard

"Happiness radiates like the fragrance from a flower and draws all good things towards you".
-Maharishi Mahesh Yogi