// Floriculture Department Kashmir //

Welcome Floriculture Department KASHMIR:

Jammu and Kashmir, the most colourful State of India, is located between 32.17 and 37.06 North latitude and 73.2 and 80.36 East longitude falling in Himalayan region of the Country. The terrain of the State is greatly dissected and has average altitude between 500 to 3500 mtrs above sea level. With annual rainfall of 1069mm in sub-tropical Jammu, 660mm in temperate Valley and 80-90mm in arid Ladakh region. Average temperatures also vary within the three regions of the State having 24.5, 13.3 & 5.3 C in Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh regions respectively. The main region of the State is the Valley which is endowed with ample natural resources including soil, water diversity, topography, climatic condition and rich natural flora facilitating the cultivation of a wide range of flowers.

           It has rightly been referred to as the paradise on earth because of its natural beauty. This has brought the valley a historical garden tradition and has undergone many changes through the ages, mainly influenced by different cultures, religions and rulers during various periods. It is this scenic beauty and bountiful nature that lured the great Mughals to lay scores of the gardens all around in the valley along their camping sites and journey routes from and to plains. Besides, the creation of formal design of gardens, the other important constitution was the concentration towards propagation of many exotic trees like Chinar, cupressus and flowers like irises, narcissus, lilies, Tulips and may other ornamental trees, shrubs, climbers, annuals, bulbous plants etc. In this background the great gardens enjoyed and continue to enjoy a place of pride. Soon after independence revival of these gardens and creation of new recreational sites received due impetus especially in view of Tourist oriented economy of the State. As a consequence an independent department of Gardens, Parks and Floriculture now Department of Floriculture was created by the State Government in 1969 under direct control of Prof.K.N.Koul, Mamaji of lt. Smt. Indira Gandhi to look after all Floriculture related activities in the State. Since then much has been done in renovating the old gardens and developing new sites and complexes.

          At present the department maintains more than 275 gardens and parks in Kashmir covering approximately an area of 500 hectares. The number is ever increasing.

          Although flowers are being grown in Kashmir since long but Floriculture Department has diversified its activities towards growing of flowers on commercial lines. No doubt, the potential of floriculture as an agri-business has not been exploited properly inspite of the huge demand. But during last few years most of the people especially younger generation is showing interest in growing of flowers as their trade and a good number of progressive growers in almost all the districts of the valley have been trading selected cutflowers and other floriculture products outside the State particularly to Delhi market. Besides this, changes in social values of people, rising expendable incomes and changes in Urbal-Rural population mix; some plant nurseries have come up in the Valley, selling mostly the landscape plants, pot plants and flower seedlings/bulbs. Three main considerations have contributed to the increasing importance of floriculture trade during the recent times. These are:

1. The aesthetic value of flowers in their use in decorating homes;

2. Use of flowers in social events such as marriages, social gathering and funerals, as also in religious rituals.

3. During summer months there is shortage of cutflowers in other parts of country and the flowers produced in valley supplied outside the State markets fetch premium prices particular in Delhi market. Thus main crops like gladiolus, irises, lilies, tulips, Carnations, roses and gerberas are being cultivated as an income generating activity.

          The Department is motivating people to go for this business and technical help is being provided to the growers as per the guidelines of Centrally Sponsored Schemes and other developmental programmes for the benefit of the trade. Production of quality floriculture products like cut flowers, seeds, bulbs and ornamental plants, introduction of new technologies like Hi-Tech poly structures. Besides, widening knowledge of growers by way of organizing trainings and exposure visits to other States are main key activities of the Floriculture Department Kashmir.

"Each flower is a soul opening out to nature."
-Gerald De Nerval

"Flowers bring to a liberall and gentlemanly minde the remembrance of honestie, comelinesse and all kindes of virtues."
- John Gerard

"Happiness radiates like the fragrance from a flower and draws all good things towards you".
-Maharishi Mahesh Yogi